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Ten Step Stroop Task

  • Overview
  • 1. Create a Project
  • 2. Start Building
  • 3. Add Components
  • 4. More Zones
  • 5. Choose Settings
  • 6. Set Up Keyboard Responses
  • 7. Add Instructions
  • 8. Drive the Task with a Spreadsheet
  • 9. Task Preview
  • 10. Next Steps

Overview


The best way to get started in Gorilla is to try our tools out! To help you do that, we've created this 10 Step Stroop Task walkthrough. It does exactly what it says: walks you through creating an entire Stroop task in Gorilla, from scratch, in just 10 steps.


If you're not sure what the Stroop task is, click here for a quick explanation.

Try saying the colour of the word in the following image. Not the word itself, the text colour.

blue stroop

Now try this one.

yellow stroop

Most people find the second example harder. Where the word and the text colour are different (incongruent), average reaction times are slower.


We suggest you have 2 tabs open, one with this walkthrough, and one to create the task in. To start the walkthrough you should open your Gorilla homepage.

1. Create a Project


The first step is simple: create a Project and add a new Task to it!

2. Start Building


The main sections of Gorilla tasks are called displays. Within each display, you can have multiple screens.

You can think of a screen a little like a PowerPoint slide. They’re fully customisable, or you can choose and edit one of our pre-made templates.

A Stroop Task trial uses 2 screens: one with a fixation cross and one with the stimuli presentation. There’s a template we can use for the fixation cross screen. For the stimuli, we want to add a blank screen that we’ll customise.

3. Add Components


Now we need to add components to Screen 2, our stimuli screen. Any component we can add to a Task screen on Gorilla is called a Zone. There are over 50 different zones in total! You can find the full list in our Tooling Reference Guide.

The first zone we’re going to add is a text zone, which will let us present a word and choose its colour.

4. More Zones


We also need 3 more zones for our trial. One keyboard response zone allows you to set responses for 2 different keys, so we want 2 of those to give us a total of 4 response options (red, yellow, blue, green). We also want a feedback accuracy zone, to let participants know if they were correct.

5. Choose Settings


Time to choose our zone settings! In the Stroop Task there are 4 different words that can be presented: blue, yellow, red and green. This means we don’t want the text zone to show the same word in every trial.

To achieve this, we’ll set the text zone to use the spreadsheet (more on this later) to pick a word. We’ll also do the same for the text colour.

6. Set Up Keyboard Responses


Now we need to set up the keyboard responses, so Gorilla knows which key presses to listen for and what they mean. We’re going to ask participants to press Q for red, W for yellow, O for blue, and P for green.

7. Add Instructions


We need to tell participants what keys to press, so we want to create a second display to show instructions at the beginning of the task.

We’re using another text zone, but this time the text doesn’t need to change, so we can leave the source as Static and copy in exactly the text we want to show. The instructions text we’re adding is below:

Welcome to the Stroop Task!

Press the correct key for the text colour of the word on the screen. Do not press for the meaning of the word.

Press Q for red.

Press W for yellow.

Press O for blue.

Press P for green.

Click Next when you’re ready to start!

8. Drive the Task with a Spreadsheet


Now for the spreadsheet! In Gorilla, we need one spreadsheet row for each display we want to show. If we want to show the same display twice, we’ll add two separate rows for it.

The display column tells Gorilla which of your displays to show. Here, we want to show the instructions followed by three trials. When a spreadsheet cell goes green, Gorilla has recognised the text entered. This makes it easy to check for typos and other mistakes!

The ColourWord and Colour columns were automatically created when we set the text zone content and colour to have spreadsheet sources. In the ColourWord column, we’re going to enter the word that will be displayed in text. In the Colour column, we’re going to set which colour the word will be displayed in. The Answer column tells Gorilla which response is correct for that trial. Setting an Answer can be useful for a lot of different things! Here, we’re setting answers so that we can use the Feedback Zone.

Gorilla will use the keyboard zones we set up earlier (Q for red, etc) to compare against the spreadsheet Answer column. In a Stroop Task, the correct answer is always the text colour. You can create as many trials as you want in exactly the same way: just add 1s in the randomise_trials column to randomise them.

9. Task Preview


And we’re done! Let’s check the task with a preview before committing it.

10. Next Steps


If you want to make your task even better, here are some suggestions:

  • Add a text zone to the top of each screen with a reminder of the different keys to press, in case participants lose track. Make sure the zone is also on the fixation zone screen, otherwise it will be distracting when it disappears and reappears!
  • Try adding an extra display to the end of the task to show participants their total score. You can get Gorilla to remember participant’s scores by using embedded data: see our embedded data walkthrough!
  • Give participants some practice trials so they can get to grips with the task before starting the main trials. You could do this by copying each screen from the Trials display to a new display and naming it 'Practice'. Then, in the spreadsheet, put 1s in the randomise_trials column for all the practice trials, and 2s for the main trials. You can see an example of this in our spreadsheet walkthrough.
  • Try using response buttons instead of keyboard responses.

Now you know how to create a task in Gorilla, you can go ahead and build more of your own!

Our samples page is a great place to start for existing tasks that you can clone and edit.

If you get stuck, try searching our support pages.

Good luck!


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